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ATTRACTIONS: The Holiday 'Must-See's

Now you can be an armchair traveller with a glimpse at some of the worlds most famous attractions. Any of these magnificent sites are reason enough to plan your own holiday world tours. And if you are already planning a trip to take in these attractions, finding out a little bit more about your destinations will surely enhance the experience.

ASIA: CHINA: Great Wall of China, INDIA: Taj Mahal, CENTRAL AMERICA: GUATEMALA: Tikal, EUROPE: AUSTRIA: Hofburg Imperial Palace, Schonbrunn Palace, ITALY: The Colosseum, The Pantheon, Piazza San Pietro, SCOTLAND: Edinburgh Castle, Eilean Donan Castle, Inverness Castle, TURKEY: Ancient Aphrodisias, Ancient Ephesus, Temple of Artemis, MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: EGYPT: Colossi of Memnon, Great Sphinx of Giza,


Great Wall of China Great Wall of China Attractions: GREAT WALL OF CHINA

The Great Wall of China is a Chinese fortification built from the 5th century BC until the beginning of the 17th century, in order to protect the various dynasties from raids by Hunnic, Mongol, Turkic, and other nomadic tribes coming from areas in modern-day Mongolia and Manchuria.

Several walls, also referred to as the Great Wall of China, were built since the 5th century BC, the most famous being the one built between 220 BC and 200 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang; this wall was located much further north than the current wall built during the Ming Dynasty, and little of it remains.

The Great Wall of China was originally a project of Qin dynasty designed to keep out the nomadic Xiongnu invaders from the north. Some of the wall was built during the Qin, but most of it that we see today was constructed during the Ming dynasty.

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Taj Mahal, India Taj Mahal, India Attractions: TAJ MAHAL OF INDIA

The Taj Mahal is a monument located in Agra, India, constructed between 1631 and 1654 by a workforce of 22,000.

The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned its construction as a mausoleum for his favourite wife, Arjumand Bano Begum, who is better known as Mumtaz. The Taj Mahal (sometimes called "the Taj") is generally considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements of Persian, Indian and Islamic. The Taj Mahal has achieved special note because of the romance of its inspiration.

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Tikal, Guatemala Tikal, Guatemala Attractions: MAYAN TIKAL

Tikal is the largest of the ancient ruined cities of the Maya civilization. It is located in the El Peten department of Guatemala. Now part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular tourist spot. The closest large towns are Flores and Santa Elena, about 30 kilometers away.

The ruins lay on lowland rainforest. Conspicuous trees at Tikal park include gigantic ceiba the sacred tree of the Maya; tropical cedar, and mahogany. Regarding the fauna, agouti, spider monkeys, howler monkeys, ocellated turkeys, guans, toucans, green parrots and leaf-cutting ants can be seen there regularly. Jaguars and coatis are said to roam in the park.

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Attractions of SCOTLAND Attractions of SCOTLAND Attractions of SCOTLAND

Over the course of many centuries, an amalgamation of various traditions has moulded the culture of Scotland. There is a robust arts scene, with both music and literature heavily influenced by Scottish sources and a variety of national media outlets. Several Scottish sporting traditions are unique to the British Isles, and co-exist with more popular games such as Football and Rugby.

The Scottish music scene is a significant aspect of Scottish culture, with both traditional and modern influences. An example of a traditional Scottish instrument is the Great Highland Bagpipe, a wind instrument consisting of one or more musical pipes which are fed continuously by a reservoir of air in a bag.

ATTRACTIONS OF SCOTLAND: Edinburgh Castle, Eilean Donan Castle, Inverness Castle,


Hofburg Imperial Palace, Vienna Hofburg Imperial Palace, Vienna Attractions: HOFBURG IMPERIAL PALACE

Hofburg Imperial Palace is a palace in Vienna, Austria, which has housed some of the most powerful people in Austrian history, including the Habsburg dynasty, rulers of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and currently serves as the official residence of the President of Austria.

It was also known as the winter-residence, while Schonbrunn Palace was the preferred summer-residence. The Hofburg area has been the documented seat of government since 1279 for various empires and republics.

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Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna Attractions: SCHONBRUNN PALACE

Schonbrunn Palace (Schloss Schonbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna.

UNESCO catalogued it together with its gardens as a World Heritage site as a remarkable Baroque ensemble and example of synthesis of the arts (Gesamtkunstwerk). The palace and gardens illustrate the tastes, interests and aspirations of successive Habsburg monarchs.

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Attractions of ITALY Attractions of ITALY Attractions of ITALY

Italy has been a seminal place for many important artistic and intellectual movements that spread throughout Europe and beyond, including the Renaissance and Baroque. Perhaps Italy's greatest cultural achievements lie in its long artistic heritage, which is often validated through the names of Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Titian and Raphael, among many others. Beyond art, Italy's contributions to the realms of literature, science and music cannot be overlooked.

In science, Galileo Galilei made considerable advancements toward the scientific revolution, and Leonardo da Vinci was the quintessential Renaissance Man. Other notable Italian scientists and inventors include Fermi, Cassini, Volta, Lagrange, Fibonacci, Marconi, and Meucci.

ATTRACTIONS OF ITALY: ROME: The Colosseum, The Pantheon, Piazza San Pietro,

Attracations of Turkey Attracations of Turkey Attractions of TURKEY

There is evidence that the bed of the Black Sea was once an inhabited plain, before it was flooded in prehistoric times by rising sea levels. The biblical flood may be an account of this event. Mount Agri, at 5,165 m, is the country's highest point and the legendary landing place of Noah's Ark, lies in the mountains on the far eastern edge of the country.

Turkey was created in 1923 from the Turkish remnants of the Ottoman Empire. Soon thereafter the country instituted secular laws to replace traditional religious fiats. In 1945 Turkey joined the UN, and in 1952 it became a member of NATO.

ATTRACTIONS OF TURKEY: Ancient Aphrodisias, Ancient Ephesus, Temple of Artemis,


Great Sphinx of Egypt Great Sphinx of Egypt Attractions: GREAT SPHINX OF EGYPT

The Great Sphinx of Egypt is a large half-human, half-lion Sphinx statue in Egypt, on the Giza Plateau at the west bank of the Nile River, near modern-day Cairo . It is one of the largest single-stone statues on Earth, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the 3rd millennium BC.

What name ancient Egyptians called the statue is not completely known. The commonly used name "Sphinx" was given to it in Antiquity based on the legendary Greek creature with the body of a lion, the head of a woman and the wings of a eagle, though Egyptian sphinxes have the head of a man. The word "sphinx" comes from the Greek for "to strangle," as the sphinx from Greek mythology strangled anyone incapable of answering her riddle.

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Colossi of Memnon Colossi of Memnon Attractions: COLOSSI OF MEMNON

The Colossi of Memnon (known to locals as el-Colossat, or es-Salamat) are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For the past 3400 years they have stood in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor.

The twin statues depict Amenhotep III (fl. 14th century BC) in a seated position, his hands resting on his knees and his gaze turned eastward toward the river and the rising sun. Two shorter figures are carved into the front throne alongside his legs: these are his wife Tiy and mother Mutemwiya. The side panels depict the Nile god Hapi.

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